Home Culture Vietnamese cuisine Stir-fried noodles – Mỳ xào

Stir-fried noodles – Mỳ xào


Stir-fried noodles are one of the oldest and most popular dishes in the world. There are many ways to cook noodles, from 5-minute instant noodles to Asian noodles cooked over the fire.

A bit of history

Note the traditional noodles of Japan, which is one of the countries with the oldest noodle cuisine in the world. Noodles were originally made from millet, a cereal that originated in China in 2000 BC. It was later discovered that the origin of noodles came from the Tarim Basin in Central Asia. Noodles today are diverse, with sophisticated flavors and processing methods, but still retain the traditional identity of old noodles.

Noodles are diverse, such as chuka men barley noodles, meepok, somen and udon. Others are made from rice vermicelli such as mien, ngo hoon and sen me. Noodles made from mung bean, potatoes, buckwheat flour, canna starch and corn.

Various origins

The origin of noodles comes from Italy and China. Italy is famous for its pasta, used after appetizers and meat dishes. With more than 300 different types, from spaghetti and Rigatoni to other combinations of pasta elaborated delicately with the sauce. Sauce is the secret to creating unique pasta dishes from Italy.

Chinese noodles are characterized by its length. The noodles will not be cut, but will be long to symbolize longevity. At birthday parties, people will enjoy noodles in the hope of a long life.

When the Chinese people came to Vietnam, they brought noodle culture to the people at that time, taking into account Quảng and Cao Lầu noodles. Quảng noodles come from the central region with a special delicious flavor. A perfect combination of fluffy rice noodles with fatty chicken, rich broth, served with fresh raw vegetables, pure fish sauce.

Along with Quảng noodles, it is Cao lầu, also with yellow noodles, used with shrimp, pork and raw vegetables. A peculiarity of this dish is that the noodles are mixed with cajeput ashes to have an incomparable flavor.

Examples of dough dishes from around the world

Let’s explore with Horizon Vietnam Travel the following famous sautéed noodles:

Japchae – korean fried noodles

Japchae (잡채) means mixed salad. The main ingredient is sweet potato starch (dangmyeon), also known as glass noodles. These noodles are essential in traditional holidays and special occasions.

The traditional recipe consists of fluffy noodles with thin beef and vegetables, including carrots, spinach, onions, mushrooms, cucumber, peppers, chives, garlic …

The secret to creating real flavors is the balance between soy sauce and sugar. Because they are the most important ingredient that elicits the flavor of beef with special chewing noodles.


Pad Thai

Thailand’s recipe for sour, spicy, salty and sweet stir-fried noodles has become world famous.

Pad Thai is a traditional sautéed noodles made from rice noodles, shrimp, chicken, tofu, eggs, sweet and sour sauce. Spices to make sauces with easy-to-find ingredients like fish sauce, tamarind powder, dried shrimp and palm sugar.

Recipes include stir-fried noodles with chicken, shrimp and special sauce, adding vegetables, tubers, peppers, carrots and eggs. Decorate the dish with coriander, peanuts and chili pepper to enhance the taste of the dish. In addition, these sautéed noodles that can be modified by using beef instead of chicken is also very delicious.

Pad thai

Mie Goreng

Being a popular dish on Indonesian streets, fried noodles with a variety of meats or products, spice vegetables are also unique. With tomatoes, green onions, jalapeno peppers, soybean sprouts, vegetables, etc. The dish is often spicy and salty, with a very unique flavor. Kecap Manis soy sauce carries the soul of these sautéed noodles, which is the deciding factor of this dish. Noodles are coated with crispy shallots, accompanied by shrimp, cabbage, special sauce, add a few drops of lemon calamansi to increase the flavor.

Mie Goreng

Stir-fried noodles in Fujian (Malaysia)

Malaysian cuisine is influenced by Chinese culinary culture, which is the world’s most famous Fujian stir-fried noodles. Concocted egg noodles sautéed with garlic, onions, Chinese cabbage, eggs, tomatoes and other Malaysian signature spices. This dish is renowned for suiting the taste of locals.

Stir-fried noodles in Fujian

Yakisoba – fried noodles with strong flavors from Japan

Yakisoba (焼きそば) is a dish of Japanese sautéed noodles, with a thick sauce like oyster sauce. This dish is cooked ramen noodles with ground pork, cabbage, onions and carrots, adding a little black pepper spices. Some special ingredients that make this dish delicious are: anori (seaweed powder), beni shoga (pickled ginger), katsuobushi (fish flakes) and mayonnaise.

The secret to make Yakisoba: There should be a large pan to distribute the heat evenly, exposed to high temperatures to give the flavor of sautéed noodles. First, sauté the vegetables to maintain the shape and greenness of the vegetables. Sautéing vegetables first is also easier to control noodles when ingredients are added at the same time. Since the ramen noodles purchased were glued together, they must be separated to make the noodles come back evenly.

As for noodles, Mushi Chukamen (し華華) noodles are used for this type of noodles. They are made of kansui and water. Noodles are very beautiful yellows. Use the prepared Yakisoba sauce to add to the sautéed noodles to get the flavor of the famous Yakisoba dish.

Yakisoba – fried noodles with strong flavors from Japan

Fried noodles with soy sauce in Beijing

Fried noodles in soy sauce are a famous dish in Beijing. Noodles are made from hand-stretched noodles with the best ingredients, ground pork and vegetables such as carrots, onions, soy sprouts… The noodles will be sautéed with meat and vegetables and seasoned with soy sauce to taste. Sauté the ingredients with grated and diced noodles.

Fried noodles in Beijing soy sauce

Fried noodles with beef from Vietnam

Beef stir-fried noodles are a favourite dish of many people because of their rich and unforgettable flavour. People often enjoy this dish in small, popular restaurants. The way to cook stir-fried noodles is simple and fast, so we have completely assured of the cooking time as well as the steps of preparation of the raw materials.

When cooking beef-fried noodles, in addition to two main ingredients: noodles and beef, you can use many other ingredients to make the dish more appealing and adapt to the taste of each person. Fried noodles with beef can be cooked with vegetables, carrots, green peppers, yellow peppers, red peppers, and sausages, …

For once this dish is based on wheat noodle, you will have no trouble finding all the ingredients in your supermarket!

Fried noodles Vietnam

How to make beef stir-fried noodles?

Ingredients for 4 people

– Egg noodles (500gr)

– Beef: 300gr (tender fillet meat)

– Onion: 1

– Pepper: 3 colors (green, red, yellow)

– Carrot: 1

– Garlic

– Soy sauce

– Nuoc mam sauce

– Pepper and salt

Processing of ingredients

  • Marinate the beef with the crushed garlic, shallot, a pinch of salt, a small spoon of soy sauce and nuoc mam sauce and a little pepper.
  • Cut all vegetables (carrot, onion, pepper)
  • Cook the wheat noodles in boiling water for about 2 minutes. Once the noodles are cooked, they must be drained.

beef stir-fried noodles


Step 1: Stir beef

Turn on the stove, wait for the pan to heat up evenly, add 1 tablespoon of cooking oil to coat the pan well. Then stỉ beef.


Step 2: Stir the onion, peppers and carrot with 2 spoons of nuoc mam sauce and soy sauce.

poivrons sautee

Step 3: Put the noodles and beef in the pan and stir with the vegetables.

Recipe in video

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